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  • Writer's pictureCoastal Breeze Mental Health

Understanding Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD): Recognizing the Signs and Knowing When to Seek Help

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) is a condition often characterized by mood changes with the seasons which can significantly impact one’s daily life. Through this blog post, I aim to shed light on what SAD is, its symptoms, and when it’s crucial to seek professional help.

What is Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)?

Seasonal Affective Disorder is a type of depression that relates to changes in seasons. It typically begins and ends around the same time every year. For most people with SAD, symptoms start in the fall and continue into the winter months, sapping energy and making them feel moody. Less commonly, SAD causes depression in the spring or early summer.

Symptoms of SAD

The symptoms of SAD can vary from mild to severe and can include:

  1. Feeling Depressed Most of the Day: This is more than just a fleeting sadness; it’s a persistent feeling of depression that occurs most days.

  2. Loss of Interest in Activities You Once Enjoyed: You might lose interest in hobbies or activities that were once pleasurable.

  3. Changes in Appetite or Weight: This could be an increased craving for food, particularly carbohydrates, or a significant decrease in appetite.

  4. Sleep Problems: Either sleeping too much or experiencing insomnia.

  5. Low Energy: Feeling sluggish or agitated throughout the day.

  6. Difficulty Concentrating: This can affect work or school performance.

  7. Feeling Hopeless or Worthless: Persistent negative thoughts about oneself.

  8. Frequent Thoughts of Death or Suicide: An increase in suicidal ideation is a serious symptom of SAD.

When to Seek Help

It’s vital to take any form of depression seriously, and SAD is no exception. If you're experiencing any of the following, it's time to seek professional help:

  • Symptoms are Affecting Your Quality of Life: If you find that your mood, energy level, appetite, or concentration is affecting your work, school, or relationships, it's important to seek help.

  • Thoughts of Self-Harm or Suicide: This is a sign of severe depression and immediate help should be sought.

  • Reliance on Substances: Turning to alcohol or drugs to cope with mood changes is a red flag.

Treatment Options

Treatment for SAD may include light therapy (phototherapy), psychotherapy, and medications. Coping techniques, such as getting regular exercise, making your environment sunnier and brighter, practicing stress management techniques, and connecting socially, can also help.


Seasonal Affective Disorder is more than just “winter blues.” It’s a real and serious condition that can significantly disrupt life. Recognizing the signs and seeking appropriate treatment is key to managing SAD. As a PMHNP, I encourage anyone experiencing these symptoms to reach out for professional help. Remember, you’re not alone, and with the right support, you can overcome the challenges of SAD.

This blog post is for informational purposes only and does not substitute for professional medical advice. If you or someone you know is struggling with symptoms of Seasonal Affective Disorder, please consult a healthcare professional or make an appointment with someone on the Coastal Breeze Team.



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